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Showing posts with label IMMUNITY (VACCINE) III. Show all posts
Showing posts with label IMMUNITY (VACCINE) III. Show all posts

Sunday, 9 July 2017

IMMUNITY (VACCINE) III

                                      REACTIONS OF VACCINES
    VACCINE
                                   REACTION
          INTERVAL
     
     BCG
1.SUPPURATIVE ADENITITIS
2.BCG OSTEITIS.
3.DISSEMINATED BCG INFECTION.
1.2-6 MONTHS
2.UPTO SEVERAL YEAR
3.1-12 MONTHS.
    HIB      
NONE KNOWN
-
    HEP B
ANAPHYLAXSIS
0-1 HOUR
    MEASLES/MMR
1.FEBRILE SEIZURES
2.THROMBOCYTOPENIA (LOW PLATELETS)
3.ANAPHYLAXSIS
1.5-12 DAYS
2.60 DAYS
3.0-1 HOUR
   OPV
VACCCINE ASSOCIATED PARALYTIC POLIOMYELITIS
4-30 DAYS
 TETANUS
1.BACTERAIAL NEURITIS
2.ANAPHYLAXSIS
3.STERILE ABSCESS
1.2-28 DAYS
2.0-1 HOUR
3.1-6 WEEKS
DPT
1.PERSISTANT (.3HR.) INCONSOLABLE SCREAMING.
2.SEIZURES.
3.HYPOTONIC HYPORESPONSIVE EPISODE (HHC)
4.ANAPHYLACTIC SHOCK
1.0-48 HOUR
2.0-3 DAYS
3.0-24 HOUR
4.0-1 HOUR
JE(JAPANES ENCEPHALITIS)
<![if !supportLists]>1.      <![endif]>SERIOUS ALLERGIC REACTION
<![if !supportLists]>2.      <![endif]>NEUROLOGICAL EVENT
1.0-2WEEKS
2.0-2 WEEKS
                             TREATMENT FOR VACCINE REACTION CASES
         REACTION
              TREATMENT
          VACCINE NAME
*VACCINE ASSOCIATED PARALYTIC POLIOMYELITIS
NO SPECIFIC TREATMENT AVAILABLE: SUPPORTIVE CARE
OPV
*ACUTE HYPERSENSITIVE REACTION
SELF  LIMITING ANTI HISTAMINS MAY BE USEFUL
ALL
*ANAPHYLAXSIS
ADRENALINE INJECTION
ALL
*DISSEMINATED BCSG INFECTION
SHOULD BE TREATED WITH ANTI TUBERCULOSIS REGIMENS INCLUDING ISONIAZID AND RIFAMPICINE
BCG
*ENCEPHALOPATHY
NO SPECIFIC TREATMENT AVAILABLE: SUPPORTIVE CARE
MEASLES /  PERTUSIS
*FEVER
SYMPTOMATIC: PARACETAMOL GIVE EXTRA ORAL FLUID,TEPID SPONGING,OR BATH. IN CASE OF HIGH AND EXTREME FEVER,OTHER SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS SHOULD BE SOUGHT AND REPORTED/MANAGED AS APPROPRIATE.
   
ALL
*HYPOTONIC HYPORESPONSIVE EPISODE
THE EPISODE IS TRANSIENT AND SELF LIMITING AND  DOES NOT REQUIRE SPECIFIC TREATMENT IT IS NOT A CONTRAINDICATION TO FURTHER DOSES OF THE VACCINE.
MAINLY DPT RARELY OTHERS
*LYMPHADENITIS
HEAT SPONTANEOUSLY OVER MONTHS AND BEST NOT TO TREAT IF LESION IS STICKING TO SKIN OR ALREADY DRAINING SURGICALLY DRAINAGE LOCAL INSTILLATION OF ANTI-TUBERCULOSIS DRUG.
BCG
*INJECTION SITE ABSCESS
INCISE AND DRAIN:ANTIBIOTIC (IF BACTERIAL)
ALL INJECTABLE VACCINES
*OSTEITIS
SHOULD BE TREATED WITH ANTI-TUBERCULOSIS REGIMENS
BCG
*SEVERE LOCAL REACTION
SETTLE SPONTANEOUSLY WITHIN A FEW DAY TO A WEEK SYMPTOMATIC TREATMENT WITH ANALGESICS(ANTIBIOTICS ARE INAPPROPRIATE)
ALL INJECTABLE VACCINES


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